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A history of the journals...

Pathogens and Global Health

Formerly Annals of Tropical Medicine & Parasitology

The year was 1906. A Brazilian aviator, Alberto Santos-Dumont, managed to fly first 50m and then 200m, at the dizzying height of 6m, in his ‘heavier-than-air-craft’. In France, Albert Calmette and Jean Marie Guérin were producing a culture of bovine tubercule bacilli that would eventually form the basis of the BCG vaccine. Frederick
Hopkins proposed the existence of essential nutrients that would subsequently be called vitamins, Oswaldo Cruz completed the elimination of yellow fever from Rio de Janeiro, and an epidemic of sleeping sickness that had already killed 200,000 around Lake Victoria was running into its fifth year.

In England, Nobel laureate Ronald Ross was considering how best to disseminate the huge amount of information being collected, by himself and his colleagues, at the School of Tropical Medicine in Liverpool; 16 expeditions had already been dispatched by the School to Africa and Central and South America. Although the Journal of Tropical Medicine had first been published 8 years earlier, not only were its issues already full but also it was produced in London, and there was already some friendly London–Liverpool rivalry. Ross decided to launch the Annals of Tropical Medicine & Parasitology, in which the results of the Liverpool School’s research in England and extensive field expeditions could be published and spread more widely.

The first issue, which was not published until February 1907, began with an article, by Robert Newstead, Everett Dutton (who had died of tick-borne relapsing fever 2 years earlier) and John Todd, on the arthropods collected during the 1903–1905 expedition, to the Congo. To those of us used to laser printers and to software packages for plotting data, mapping, manipulating digital images, word-processing and typesetting, the early issues of the journal, which include now-historic maps of the routes of expeditions and several very beautiful figures produced from watercolour paintings, are of amazing quality.

Although it was never the editors’ intention to make the Annals a house journal for the School — the first issue included a note saying that ‘original articles from outside on any subject connected with tropical medicine or hygiene may be published if found suitable’ — it would be several decades before the publication became truly international. That the journal has been a success, both academically and financially, is evident from its continued production over the last 100 years. In this, the 100th volume, the longevity of the journal will be celebrated in two special issues, one on Global Health Concerns and one on 100 Years of Parasitology. All the journal’s editors hope that you enjoy these collections of reviews and thank you for your continued support, as authors, referees, subscribers and/or librarians, in our second century.

Wallbanks KR. The first century. Ann Trop Med & Para 2006;100:3.

Since the journal's 100th anniversary in 2006, the journal has undergone some significant changes. In April 2010, Maney acquired Annals of Tropical Medicine & Parasitology from LSTM, along with its sister journal, Annals of Tropical Paediatrics. In mid-2011, Andrea Crisanti took over the post of Editor-in-Chief, with his assistant Christo Hall. Together they are heavily involved in the re-launch of the journal under its new title for 2012, Pathogens and Global Health. This new title reflects a broader focus for the journal that embraces the biology, immunology, genetics, treatment and control of pathogens of great medical relevance beyond a regional definition.


Paediatrics and International Child Health

Formerly Annals of Tropical Paediatrics: International Child Health

Annals of Tropical Paediatrics was founded by Ralph Hendrickse in 1981 during his tenure as Professor of Tropical Paediatrics and International Child Health in the University of Liverpool’s School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM). The aim was to provide an opportunity for paediatricians in developing countries, often working under very difficult conditions, to publish research and clinical and laboratory reports in an international journal. Although ATP now publishes papers from all over the world, this ethos remains the same.

Over the 30 years of publishing, there have only been two editors and two assistant editors. When Ralph retired in 2004, Brian Coulter took over as editor-in-chief. Juliet Wilkinson (Rayner) worked with Ralph in establishing the journal and helping it find its feet, and Vanessa Coulter took over when she retired from the journal in 1988.

In 2002, Maney Publishing, based in Leeds, became the publishers of ATP and its sister journal, Annals of Tropical Medicine & Parasitology (to be known from 2012 as Pathogens and Global Health). In April 2010, Maney acquired both journals from LSTM. Although ATP is no longer associated with LSTM, it presently maintains a link with the School as most of the editors are members of its Child & Reproductive Health Group.

In February 2012, ATP will be re-launched as Paediatrics and International Child Health. The rationale for the change of title has been outlined elsewhere.1 It is hoped that over future decades the journal under its new title will continue to flourish and to publish an ever wider spectrum of good quality reviews and articles. The editors are extremely grateful for all the support it receives from editorial board members and from those who generously write reviews and commentaries for the journal.

J B S Coulter, September 2011

1 Coulter JBS. Annals of Tropical Paediatrics will become Paediatrics and International Child Health from 2012. Ann Trop Paediatr 2011;31:189–90.


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